Importance of proper knitting

Jacklien Fernendus

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I have worked in the knitting industry for the past 15 years. When I was a child, my grandma used to knit and enjoy spending time with them on an easy chair in the winter to keep them warm and occupied. Now that I work in the modern knitting & Fashion industry, I see the same fascination in my 4-year-old daughter’s eyes when seeing me working.

Importance of proper knitting tension and gauge swatch


Knitting tension refers to the amount of pressure or tightness with which you knit your stitches. It determines the size and overall appearance of your finished project. Knitting tension is essential because if your stitches are too tight or loose, your project will end up looking uneven and wonky.

Gauge Swatch

A gauge swatch is a small sample of knitting that you create to determine the correct knitting tension for your project. It helps you to adjust your knitting tension to match the recommended gauge provided by the pattern. A gauge swatch also helps you to calculate the number of stitches and rows required to achieve the correct size of your finished project.

Knitting Mistakes

Knitting mistakes are common errors that occur during the knitting process. These mistakes can lead to uneven stitches, twisted or dropped stitches, or even holes in your project. Understanding common knitting mistakes and how to fix them is essential to produce high-quality projects.

Knitting Tension

Definition and Explanation of Knitting Tension

Knitting tension is the amount of pressure with which you knit your stitches. It determines how tightly or loosely your stitches are made. When knitting, each stitch is formed by looping the yarn through the previous stitch. The tension with which you pull the yarn through the stitch determines the size of the stitch and the overall tension of the project.

Factors that Affect Knitting Tension

Several factors can affect knitting tension, including:

  • Yarn type and fiber content
  • Knitting needle size
  • Knitting style
  • Knitter’s tension
Importance of proper knitting tension and gauge swatch

How to Adjust Knitting Tension

To adjust your knitting tension, you can:

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Change your knitting needles – using smaller or larger knitting needles can help adjust the tension of your project.

Adjust your knitting style – try loosening or tightening your stitches to achieve the correct tension.

Use a different yarn – switching to a yarn with a different fiber content or thickness can also help to adjust your knitting tension.

Gauge Swatch

Explanation of Gauge Swatch

A gauge swatch is a small sample of knitting that is created to measure your knitting tension. It is typically a square or rectangle of about 4 inches by 4

Knitting Mistakes

Common Knitting Mistakes

Knitting mistakes can be frustrating, but they’re also common, and even experienced knitters make them. Some common knitting mistakes include:

Twisted stitches

when a stitch is twisted in the wrong direction, it can create a bump or distortion in the finished project.

Dropped stitches

when a stitch is accidentally dropped off the needle, it can create a hole in your project.

Uneven stitches

when your stitches are too tight or too loose, they can create unevenness in the fabric.

Holes in the fabric

 when a stitch is missed or dropped, it can create a hole in your fabric.

How to Fix Common Knitting Mistakes

Fixing knitting mistakes can be daunting, but it’s often easier than you think. Some tips to fix common knitting mistakes include:

Undoing your knitting – if you notice a mistake soon after you’ve made it, you can simply undo your stitches and start again.

Tinking – if you’ve made a mistake a few rows back, you can use the “tink” method (knitting backward) to undo your stitches.

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Using a lifeline – inserting a piece of yarn through your stitches every few rows can help you to easily undo your stitches if you make a mistake.

Drop stitch fix – if you’ve dropped a stitch, you can use a crochet hook to pick up the stitch and fix the hole in your fabric.

Tips to Avoid Knitting Mistakes

While mistakes are inevitable, there are some tips to help you avoid them:

Pay attention to your knitting – try to stay focused and avoid distractions while you’re knitting.

Use markers – place markers on your needles to help you keep track of pattern repeats or stitch counts.

Count your stitches and rows – double-checking your stitch count and row count can help you avoid mistakes.

Take breaks – taking regular breaks can help you avoid making mistakes due to fatigue or eye strain.


In conclusion, understanding knitting tension, gauge swatch, and knitting mistakes is essential for producing high-quality knitting projects. Knitting tension affects the overall appearance of your project, and creating a gauge swatch is necessary to ensure the correct size and stitch count. While knitting mistakes can be frustrating, fixing them is often easier than you think, and taking steps to avoid them can help you enjoy your knitting projects without undue stress.


What is the ideal knitting tension?

The ideal knitting tension varies depending on the project and the type of yarn used. Check the pattern for the recommended gauge and adjust your tension accordingly.

How can I fix twisted stitches in my knitting?

To fix twisted stitches, you can simply undo the stitch and re-knit it in the correct direction.

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Can I use different types of yarn for my gauge swatch?

It’s best to use the same type of yarn for your gauge swatch as the yarn you plan to use for your project.

Is it okay to skip knitting a gauge swatch?

While it may be tempting to skip the gauge swatch, doing so can result in an ill-fitting project. It’s best to take the time to knit a gauge swatch to ensure the correct size and stitch count.

Can knitting mistakes affect the overall appearance of my finished project?

Yes, knitting mistakes can affect the overall appearance of your finished project. It’s important to fix mistakes as soon as possible to avoid further issues in the fabric.

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